The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social and legal state. The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial powers.
Republic of Armenia - Hayastani Hanrapetoutyun
Christian, Armenian Apostolic Church
Armenian Dram, introduced in 1993.
3 210 000 (as of 2001)
Armenians - 96%
Minorities: Russians, Yezidis, Kurds, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews and others
Armenia is rich in coal, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc. Substantial deposits of pumice, marble, tufa, perlite, limestone, basalt and salt exist. Precious and semi-precious stones are also abundant.
29.74 thousand square kilometers
Average Altitude Above Sea Level:
1 800 meters
Highest Mountain Peak:
Aragats (4 090 meters)
in the South: 38o50' Northern Latitude;
in the North: 41o20' Northern Latitude:
in the West: 43o30' Eastern Longitude;
in the East: 46o00' Eastern Longitude
in the North: Georgia;
in the East: Azerbaijan;
in the South: Iran;
in the South-West: Nakhijevan (Azerbaijan);
in the West: Turkey.